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A total of 15 people were killed and 11 others injured in recent gun attacks in north Nigeria, a local official said Friday.

The deadly attacks were launched by unidentified gunmen to four villages in the state of Kaduna, said Samuel Aruwan, the state's commissioner for internal security and home affairs, in a statement. 

The attacks happened on Thursday when the gunmen invaded the villages to grab money but met resistance from villagers, The Nation, a local daily, reported Friday.

"From there, the thing started," a source was quoted as saying. 

Armed attacks have been a primary security threat in parts of Nigeria, resulting in deaths and kidnappings. Xinhua

Christopher Kkonde (right) displays some of the cassava flour during a farmer’s fair in Kabizi Yard.  Photo/Fred Muzaale 

What you need to know:

  • Many people think they can only make ugali out of cassava but one gets mandazis, cakes, crisps, chips and chapati as well. Christopher Kkonde slices the harvested tubers into smaller parts of, say, 5cm each, dries for two to three weeks and, thereafter, grinds into flour which is used to prepare meals such as ugali, doughnuts and porridge.

Kabizi Yard is a sleepy hamlet about 10 kilometres from Jinja Njeru town on the newly tarmacked Buikwe-Katosi route in Nyenga Sub-county. 
The area is mainly known for artisan mining practised by scores of young men and women. Farming is another vibrant activity here, but not preferred by many young people. Christopher Kkonde is among the few who have taken to farming and his 15-acre farm hosts cassavas, and other crops such as maize, eggplants, soy beans and sweet potatoes. 

Cassava farming 

Cassava is one of his most profitable crops as he and a group of others add value to the produce. The crop sits on two acres and he harvests more than 100 100 kilogramme bags of dried cassava, with a kilogramme (three tubers) going for Shs30,500.
“Some traders from Jinja come to buy the tubers fresh from the farm. They sell to people who boil and eat,” says Kkonde.

Value addition 

The farmer further makes flour from cassava for more income. 
“I hire a grinding machine from our association. I then sell the flour at Shs1,500 per kilogramme,” says Kkonde.
He slices the harvested tubers into smaller parts of, say, 5cm each, dries for two to three weeks and, thereafter, grinds into flour which is used to prepare meals such as cassava ugali, doughnuts and porridge.

It can be used to make crisps, Bagiya snack and biscuits too.
Scores of farmers in the region shy away from growing cassava because it takes long to mature, but for Kkonde, the crop brings good fortune.
“I grow cassava and forget it for eight months as I concentrate on other crops. Cassava is rarely attacked by pests too,” he says.
According to Kkonde, cassava requires a well-prepared land and good seeds. A lot of weeding should be done at the initial stages of planting and the crop is drought-resistant.

Invest in quality seeds

The farmer grows cuttings from the stems of recently harvested plants. “I cut 8 inches from the bottom of the stem then slice 10-inch cuttings. I then plant the cuttings every 3 feet in rows that are 3 feet apart. If the soil is dry, the cuttings are planted at 45-degree angle. If the soil is wet, they are planted vertically,” he says.
To harvest, the stem is cut, leaving a stub as a handle to pull the cassava roots out of the ground. 


His major challenge is the short post-harvest shelf-life of the freshly harvested cassava. Cassava does well in well-drained sandy loam soils with a pH of between 5.5 to 6.5. It thrives in a temperature of between 250C to 320C and rainfall of between 1,000-1,500mm. However, the crop can survive in dry conditions making it suitable for arid and semi-arid areas.

To defeat the deadly cassava brown streak mosaic disease, the farmer says one should invest in quality seeds.
“When I was beginning, I used Shs50,000 to buy the improved cassava variety nodes. This variety matures in eight months and has a root yield of 25 tonnes per acre,” he says. By Fred Muzaale, Daily Monitor

  • A collage image of Nairobi Governor Johnson Sakaja (left) and an aerial view of Nairobi County (right).  TWITTER SKYSCRAPER CENTER
  • Nairobi Governor Johnson Sakaja refuted claims that his administration doubled rates for Nairobi landowners.

    In a statement issued on Saturday, November 26, Sakaja maintained that his administration had adopted a new valuation scheme for accessing lands within the county.

    He also disclosed that the new valuation regime would only increase land rates by 0.115 per cent.  

    According to the governor, the new valuation formula would apply to residential, commercial and agricultural lands within his Nairobi jurisdiction.

    A signpost showing land for sale
    A signpost showing land for sale. FILE

    "No rates are doubling. We are simply adopting the new valuation roll, and rates are at 0.115 per cent of the unimproved site value," Sakaja's statement read in part. 

    "Last valuation was in 1980, this means there is only a slight increase from what residents have been paying," he added.

    Reports indicated that landowners would be compelled to pay double under the new county asset evaluation scheme contained in Finance Bill 2021.

    It indicated that land exceeding 0.4 hectares would attract a rate of Ksh4,800 from Ksh2,400.

    The move raised concerns as most aggrieved property owners lamented that it would set the stage for costly levies.

    In Nairobi, land valuation involves analysing a plot to determine the exact current market value.

    It helps landowners understand market resell value and the amount of credit one can acquire while using their land as collateral. 

    Valuation also aids in the calculation of taxes and lease value.

    It also enables the City Hall to increase its financial returns and match the current land prices in Nairobi and its satellite towns.

    The move came after the taxman launched a data collection exercise on rental properties along major roads in five Sub-Counties, including Langata, Dagoretti North, Embakasi East, Kasarani, and Kamukunji.

    A block of apartments in Nairobi.
    A block of apartments in Nairobi.  FILE  By Geoffrey Lutta,

The government of the United Kingdom is contemplating reducing the number of student immigrants in the nation The UK is particularly concerned with ensuring that Nigerian students and other nationals only apply to top universities This is due to an increase in the number of students admitted and family members accompanying them. The United Kingdom government is working at ensuring student migrants from Nigeria, and other countries only apply to its top universities.

The Times UK reports that foreign students may be barred from Britain unless they win a place at a top university. UK prime minister, Rishi Sunak, who was quoted in the report, revealed the plans as the number of immigrants has crossed over 1.1 million.

UK prime minister Rishi Sunak is looking to reduce the number of student immigrants had earlier reported that the number of Nigerians leaving for the UK on a student visa is at a record high.  UK data showed that 34,000 Nigerians were issued visas in 12 months and were accompanied by 31,898 dependants. UK move to stop rising foreign student Sunak said: "We are investigating all alternatives to ensure that the immigration system delivers," he added, "including the issue of students' dependents and low-quality degrees."

The prime minister also added that “all options” were on the table to curb the estimated 1.1 million migrants, Guardian UK reports. Suella Braverman, UK home secretary, also remained committed to reducing migration. She said: "The public rightly expects us to control our borders and we remain committed to reducing migration over time in line with our manifesto commitment."

Data from the UK Statistics Authority showed that students accounted for the biggest proportion of immigrants, at 277,000, nearly double the 143,000 who came to the UK in the year to June 2021.  Peter Obi makes bold statement, reveals plot to clampdown on corrupt officials Guide on how to Apply for and Obtain UK student visa without hassles Meanwhile, reported that recently, reports emerged that the United Kingdom has granted medical licenses to 266 Nigerians who relocated to that country in search of greener pastures.

The rush by Nigerians to leave the country has made countries worldwide develop special immigration laws allowing seamless visa application to their respective countries. Yearly, Nigerians in their thousands apply for a UK visa in different classes. Some get turned down for various reasons. By Dave Ibemere,  Legit

Photo Courtesy Sky News

A man who died after staying at the Manston migrant processing centre in Kent did have diphtheria, the Home Office has confirmed.

A government spokesperson said initial local hospital tests were false negatives, and follow-ups showed that diphtheria may have been the cause of the man's illness.

Post-mortem examinations are ongoing, meaning the official cause of death cannot yet be confirmed.

Follow live updates in Sky's Politics Hub 

The man died in hospital last Saturday after becoming unwell.

It is understood he travelled to the UK by small boat and had been staying at the Manston centre in Kent.

The Home Office had initially said there was "no evidence at this stage" to suggest the death was "caused by an infectious disease", with people at the centre vaccinated against diphtheria after dozens of cases were confirmed.

'We take safety extremely seriously'

Last night, a government spokesperson said that "our thoughts remain with the family of the man who has died and all those affected by this loss".

"We take the safety and welfare of those in our care extremely seriously and are taking all of the necessary steps following these results," they added.

"We are offering diphtheria vaccinations to people at Manston, which has 24/7 health facilities and trained medical staff."

There had been criticism over the conditions in which migrants were being held at the centre, with outbreaks of diphtheria and scabies reported.

Manston is designed to hold up to 1,600 people for no more than 24 hours - but earlier this month there were about 4,000 on site, and temporary marquees had to be set up.

Centre emptied after weeks of unrest

Some migrants were threatening to self-harm and go on hunger strike, with unrest "spreading across the camp", Sky News was told.

A farmer from Eritrea said he slept on cardboard and was given cold hot dogs for lunch.

Others begged for help via a message in a bottle thrown over the perimeter fence.

The Home Office confirmed earlier this week that the centre was now completely empty.

Migration across the Channel is the biggest challenge facing Home Secretary Suella Braverman, who has been criticised for referring to the issue as an "invasion on our southern coast". Sky News

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